2009-10: Daniil Zharkov spent his third season in the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl program after leaving his native St. Petersburg. In 19 games with Lokomotiv's U17 squad (including the Russian championships) he scored 12 goals with 7 assists and was plus-15 with 16 penalty minutes.
2010-11: Zharkov began the season with St. Petersburg in Russia's MHL before joining the USHL's Tri-City Storm after playing for Russia in the 2010 U17 Four Nations Cup. In 12 games with St. Petersburg he scored 1 goal with 2 assists and was an even plus-minus with 16 penalty minutes. At the Four Nations Cup he scored 3 goals with 1 assist and had 12 penalty minutes. Zharkov played 36 games for Tri-City, which finished with the USHL's seond-worst record. He scored 8 goals with 3 assists and was minus-13 with 27 penalty minutes. Zharkov was drafted by the Belleville Bulls in the first round (13th overall) of the 2011 CHL Import Draft.
2011-12: Zharkov skated in the OHL with Belleville and played for Russia in the 2012 U18 World Junior Championship. Limited to 50 games after suffering a collar bone injury early in the season, he scored 23 goals with 13 assists and was minus-five with 25 penalty minutes. In the Bulls' six-game first-round playoff series with Ottawa he scored 1 goal with 2 assists and was minus-three with 2 penalty minutes. Zharkov scored 1 goal with 4 assists and was plus-three with 8 penalty minutes playing for Russia at the U18 WJC. Russia finished fifth. He was ranked 32nd amongst North American skaters in Central Scouting's final rankings prior to the 2012 NHL Draft.
2012-13: Zharkov was the second-leading goal scorer for Belleville in his second OHL season with the Bulls and played for Russia in the 2013 World Junior Championship. He scored 25 goals with 18 assists and was +18 with 24 penalty minutes in 59 regular season games. The Bulls finished first in the East Division and reached the Eastern Conference finals against Barrie. Zharkov scored 4 goals with 8 assists and was +8 with 21 penalty minutes in 17 playoff games. He had 1 goal and was -1 with 6 penalty minutes as Russia won the bronze medal at the WJC in Ufa, Russia; defeating Canada 6-5 in overtime in the bronze medal game. Zharkov signed a two-year contract with Nizhny Novgorod in Russia's KHL in May, 2013.
Zharkov possesses a mix of size and offensive ability that is intriguing but not yet well-formed. He skates well for a player of his size, but he does not always make use of that size. Zharkov has shown himself to be a streaky offensive player who needs to find more consistency in his effort. His defensive game also needs work.
Zharkov has signed a two-year deal with the Torpedo Nizhny Novogorod of the KHL after two years with the OHL’s Belleville Bulls.