2010-11: Nikolay Goldobin played for the Soviet Wings 1995-team in Moscow. He scored 38 goals with 24 assists and had 4 penalty minutes in 28 games.
2011-12: Goldobin skated for Vityaz Chekhov in Russia's U22 MHL as a 16-year-old and made his first appearance in an international tournament — playing in the 2012 Four Nations U17 tournament in Russia. He scored 13 goals with 9 assists in 50 games and was -16 with 8 penalty minutes. Vityaz finished 23rd in the 32-team league. Goldobin played in 9 of 12 relegation play-out games; scoring 2 goals with 1 assist and finishing -4. He was selected by the OHL's Sarnia Sting in the first round (36th overall) of the 2012 CHL Import Draft and was selected by Metallurg Novokuznetsk with the eighth pick in the first round of the 2012 KHL Draft.
2012-13: Goldobin made the move to North America — joining Sarnia after representing Russia in the 2012 Ivan Hlinka Memorial Tournament in August. Goldobin was the Sting's third-leading scorer behind Charles Sarault (Anaheim) and Reid Boucher (NJ). He scored 30 goals with 38 assists and was -7 with 12 penalty minutes; skating in all 68 games during the regular season. Sarnia was swept by Plymouth in a first round series after finishing third in the West Division. Goldobin had 1 assist and was -8 in four playoff games. He scored 1 goal with 2 assists and had an even plus/minus in three games for Russia's U18 team at the Ivan Hlinka tournament.
2013-14: Goldobin returned to Sarnia for his second season with the Sting.